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Article 55 GDPR (Competence)

Article 55 of GDPR: Supervisory authority competence

Article 55 of GDPR lays out the competence of the supervisory authority.

Power and competence of the supervisory authority (Article 55(1) GDPR)

The power and competence of the supervisory authority stem from the powers granted to it under GDPR along with the tasks assigned to it by its own EU member state.

Competence for data processing by public authorities (Article 55(2) GDPR)

The supervisory authority has the competence to review and monitor data processing activities of public authorities relating to:

  1. Processing activities necessary for the compliance of a legal obligation by the data controller
  2. When it’s necessary for the interest of the public or in the exercise of an official authority vested in the controller 

Non-competence relating to judicial courts (Article 55(3) GDPR)

GDPR specifically excludes the competence of the supervisory authority with respect to the monitoring of personal data relating to judicial courts acting in their judicial capacity.

Recitals applicable to Article 55 of GDPR

Relevant Recitals: 122

GDPR Regulation article-by-article overview

Read our comprehensive overview of the GDPR Regulation, article by article, where we summarize each of the 99 articles contained in GDPR to give you a complete understanding of its content.

Cited Legislation in Article 55 or relevant recitals

None

GDPR Text: Article 55 of GDPR and Relevant Recitals

GDPR Text Source: EUR-Lex

Official GDPR Text: General Data Protection Regulation 

Official GDPR Title: REGULATION (EU) 2016/679 OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND OF THE COUNCIL of 27 April 2016 on the protection of natural persons with regard to the processing of personal data and on the free movement of such data, and repealing Directive 95/46/EC (General Data Protection Regulation), corrected by Corrigendum, OJL 127, 23.5.2018, p. 2 ((EU) 2016/679)

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