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What does reservation of rights mean?
How do you define it?
In this article, I will break down the meaning of Reservation of Rights so you know all there is to know about it!
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What Is Reservation of Rights
In the United States, reservation of rights is a legal practice where an individual or business entity “reserves” or “retains” legal rights by warning others of such rights.
When you reserve your rights, you are essentially letting the other party know that you are not waiving any of your rights by doing something or refraining from doing something.
In other words, you’re letting others know that your conduct should not be deemed as a waiver, renunciation, or abandonment of your rights.
A person or entity can reserve rights in different areas of the law, particularly under copyright and insurance laws.
For example, a copyright owner may use the phrase “All Rights Reserved” to signal to the world that he or she is the copyright owner of the writing or work.
Reservation of Rights Definition
How do you define reservation of rights?
A reservation of rights refers to a legal practice where one party notifies another party of his or her rights in such a way as to prevent the potential waiver or renunciation of those rights either directly or implicitly.
For example, if a client disputes a service provider’s invoice, the client may choose to pay the invoice with reservation of rights to avoid further penalties and charges.
In this manner, the client is legally indicating to the service provider that the payment should not be considered as a waiver of its right to dispute the charges.
Reservation of Rights Uniform Commercial Code
Under the Uniform Commercial Code, a party can also reserve his or her rights when performing its obligations under a contract or accepting the delivery of goods.
Particularly, Section 1-308 UCC states that a party, with the explicit reservation of rights, who performs an obligation, promises performance, or assents to performance as requested by the other party does not prejudice the rights effectively reserved.
UCC 1-308 further states that a party can reserve its rights by using words like “without prejudice”, “under protest”, or something similar.
Reservation of Rights Insurance
In insurance, reservation of rights refers to the scenario where an insurer notifies an insured that coverage for a claim may not apply.
In other words, an insurance company notifies an insured that it’s possible, following their investigation, that they come to the conclusion that the insured is not covered under the policy.
By “reserving its rights”, the insurance company is protecting itself by having the option to later deny a claim when further facts and information become available to it further to its investigation.
How To Reserve Your Rights
Reserving your rights means that you must inform the other party of the rights you are reserving.
Typically, you’ll want to send a written letter documenting the circumstances and identify the rights you are reserving.
This letter is called the “reservation of rights letter” where you expressly call out your rights and inform the other party that you’re intending to fully protect your rights and that your actions or conduct should not be considered as any type of waiver of such rights.
What is a reservation of rights letter
What is a reservation of rights affidavit
So there you have it folks!
In some situations, you want to make sure that you fully protect your legal rights in such a way that another party cannot allege or claim that you waived your rights.
Typically, you’ll reserve your rights by informing the other party in writing of your rights in question.
For example, an insurance company may inform an insured that it will start the processing of a claim with reservation of rights allowing it to later deny the coverage when more information becomes available to it.
Now that you know what “reservation of right” means and what it entails, good luck with your research!
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