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What Is Corporate Governance (Explained: All You Need To Know)

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What is Corporate Governance?

What’s important to know about it?

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Let me explain to you what Corporate Governance is and why it’s important!

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What Is Corporate Governance

Corporate governance is a term used to describe a company’s rules and processes to balance the interests of various stakeholders such as its employees, shareholders, environment, and the community.

In other words, corporate governance refers to the manner a company decides to govern itself in relation to different stakeholders that are important for the company’s overall success.

The idea is to ensure that the corporation acts responsibly so that it does not overly emphasize one stakeholder over another.

For example, suppose a corporation decides that it will only act in the best interest of the shareholders by maximizing profits. 

In that case, it may act to the detriment of its employees, the environment, or the community.

However, with proper corporate governance, the company will not only focus on earning profits but will also act responsibly by balancing the interest of those affected by its actions.

Typically, corporate governance is a system of rules that encompasses nearly all aspects of company management such as the development of processes, setting of internal controls, measurement of performance, and so on.

Keep reading as I will further break down the meaning of corporate governance and tell you how it works.

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Why Is Corporate Governance Important

Corporate governance is an important part of a company’s overall strategy.

Our society is no longer looking for companies that are fiercely looking for profits at the expense of the environment or their community.

Investors, shareholders, employees, governments, and many other stakeholders expect that companies act for the greater good by adopting rules and practices aimed at balancing the interest of different stakeholders.

Companies that demonstrate they care for their employees and community, act ethically, and care for the environment will be favored compared to those that do not.

Ethical behavior, good corporate citizenship, and fairness in business dealings are now standards that companies must understand and adopt.

Companies that are able to demonstrate that they take corporate governance seriously and have implemented concrete measures to ensure they act responsibly will certainly have an advantage over others.

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Corporate Governance Advantages

There are many benefits to adopting good and effective corporate governance strategies.

The most important aspect is that proper corporate governance will help reduce losses, waste, and negligent conduct.

In other words, a company may choose to pollute the rivers as it may find that it’s easier and cheaper to dump its waste in the water rather than collect them and have them properly discarded.

Another advantage of having proper corporate governance is that it helps the company build trust with its employees, investors, shareholders, and the public in general.

The more people trust the company, the more they will want to do business with that company.

Companies will directly benefit by being able to attract and recruit better talent, achieve greater brand awareness, improve their long-term viability, and generate more profits.

Adopting corporate governance strategies will demonstrate that the company’s leadership team is transparent, has integrity, and has a clear plan for the company’s future.

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Corporate Governance Disadvantages

Although corporate governance does provide many advantages, it does have some disadvantages.

The first disadvantage is that a company should adopt clear corporate governance rules and properly communicate that to its employees.

It’s not enough for the management team to simply state that they have corporate governance strategies, they must also verbalize it to their employees.

Another aspect that may be considered a disadvantage is that adopting such measures takes time and will cost money.

Since it may not be clear how much the company will generate in return by investing in corporate governance, it may be viewed by some managers as a sunk cost.

Furthermore, companies that are serious about corporate governance should not only have a strategy but should monitor their activities and conduct to ensure it is aligned with their rules and policies.

If a company has adopted measures to protect the environment, it must ensure that its employees do what’s necessary to protect the environment.

Those who do not respect the company’s corporate governance rules and policies should face some consequences.

For some companies, it may not be easy for their managers to sanction employees but it’s important that the entire company adhere to the rules and policies for the corporate governance strategy to be effective.

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How To Adopt Corporate Governance Strategies

Implementing the right corporate governance strategies is important for many companies.

The process starts at the level of the board of directors.

Generally, the board of directors is tasked with the mandate to define the company’s mission, vision, and future plans.

As such, they can influence a company’s management team to adopt the right policies and practices to balance the interests of different stakeholders.

In this context, the board of directors is not only responsible for the company’s financial success but also its corporate governance priorities.

The board of directors can either determine the policies they wish to implement or they can create a committee of individuals who are to make recommendations to the board.

The board will evaluate various policies to see how well they are aligned with their company’s objectives, the costs associated with the measures to be taken, the risks involved, and how the measures should be implemented, among other things.

Ultimately, the board must ensure that the executive team implements the measures and holds its employees accountable.

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Corporate Governance FAQ

What does corporate governance mean?

Corporate governance refers to the rules and policies governing how a company acts and conducts itself.

The objective is to ensure that companies have a proper decision-making process and controls allowing them to consider the interests of different stakeholders in their decisions.

Different stakeholders can be shareholders, investors, employees, suppliers, customers, the community, society, government, the environment, or other stakeholders.

What are the main principles of corporate governance?

The main principles of corporate governance are fairness, transparency, risk management, responsibility, and accountability.

The measures should be fair, clearly communicated, avoid exposing the company to more risk, be socially and economically responsible, and keep the leadership team accountable.

How do you define corporate governance strategies?

Companies must define their corporate governance strategies by taking into account several aspects.

The process starts by identifying different areas where the company may be exposed to operational, financial, or reputational risk.

Then, it’s important to define a strategic plan to address the risks.

You then adopt your corporate governance measures, communicate them, and hold people accountable.

Who is responsible for corporate governance?

A company’s board of directors is fundamentally responsible for the establishment and management of its corporate governance strategies.

Corporate governance is different from a company’s day-to-day activities which are managed by the executive leadership team.

Shareholders expect that the board steers the company in alignment with its values and mission.

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Takeaways 

So there you have it folks!

What does corporate governance mean?

In a nutshell, corporate governance refers to a set of rules and systems by which companies are directed and controlled.

In essence, corporate governance refers to the manner a company balances the interests of different stakeholders, particularly the environment, community, employees, shareholders, and others.

You can consider corporate governance to refer to the company’s values and how it intends to be a good corporate citizen.

Generally, the shareholders will appoint individuals on the board of directors who will define the company’s mission and values, have the executive team implement such measures, and report their efforts back to the shareholders.

Now that you know what corporate governance means and how it works, good luck with your research!

Corporate citizenship
Business ethics
Employee stock option plan
Stakeholder theory
Risk management 
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Corporate finance 
Corporate strategy 
Proxy firms 
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Author

Amir K.
Hello Nation! I'm a lawyer by trade and an entrepreneur by spirit. I specialize in law, business, marketing, and technology (and I love it!). I'm also an expert SEO and content marketer. On this blog, I share my experience, knowledge, and provide you with golden nuggets of useful information. Enjoy! Feel free to connect with me on LinkedIn.

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